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The Primary Components Of Access Control Solutions

Access control solutions are becoming a top priority for organizations in todays world where security is of the utmost importance. Access control in its most basic form is simply the selective denial or restriction of a location or some type of resource. Its in use in a wide array of different applications in the commercial, civilian, as well as the government and military sectors.

The basics of access control are not as difficult to grasp as most people would assume. Access control can be broken down into its five primary components.

The access control panel

The first component is the access control panel. Control panels serve as the nerve center of the access control system. Think of it as the central terminal where everything can be accessed or changed.

Its typically a circuit board built in a box with a power supply. Backup batteries are sometimes included in certain models to deal with power outages. They often come in different configurations and can be upgraded when needed. For example, a control panel that controls three panels can receive an upgrade to be in charge of twice or even three times that number of panels.

A reader is the part of the access control system thats responsible for detecting if a person is in possession of a compatible device. It allows a person entry once they determine that the person is in possession of such a compatible device.

The reader reads the compatible device as it were and checks if the information on said device permits the person in possession thereof entry to the location or access to resources.

Readers have different ranges. Some can detect a compatible device from a certain distance while others require that the compatible device be swiped to read it properly.

Compatible device

The compatible device is what a person uses to gain entry or access. It can take on many different forms.

The most common form it takes is an ID or a keycard. These have bar codes or magnetic strips that contain enough information for the reader to identify who owns them and what theyre allowed to access. Some even come in the form of stickers, which are convenient since they can be attached to the owners phone or accessories.

They often communicate with the reader through an RF frequency. Like the reader, the amount of information that a compatible device can hold depends on its specifications.

The entry and exit hardware

Entry and exit hardware should be easy enough to understand. It's the physical lock or gate. It closes and opens depending on whether the reader sends the right signal to the control panel. The control panel then relays the information to the entry and exit hardware and opens itself to those granted access.


The software is what people can use to interact with the entire access control system. Its how people can register which people should be given entry to locations and access to which resources. Top notch access control solutions are set up with sophisticated software that offers a wide variety of different features.


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